The reporter learned from the first plenary meeting of the Law Enforcement Inspection Group of the Air Pollution Prevention and Control Law of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress that the Law Enforcement Inspection Team of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress will form four groups. This month, it will be divided into Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei, Yangtze River Delta, and the Pearl River Delta. In Shanxi, Shandong, Shaanxi and other places, the implementation of the Air Pollution Prevention and Control Law was examined.
At present, air pollution, especially PM2.5 pollution, is widely concerned by the society. Yan Qing, deputy director of the Ministry of Environmental Protection, pointed out that the source of PM2.5 is very extensive, but the current air pollution control factor is relatively simple.
Indigo: In terms of pollutant control, the current focus is on sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxides and smoke dust, lacking regulatory requirements for volatile organic compounds and dust; in terms of pollution sources, focusing on emissions from thermal power, steel and other industries, There are not enough requirements for surface source control such as mobile sources such as ships and catering decoration.
At present, motor vehicle exhaust emissions have become an important source of air pollution in China. According to the latest source analysis data released by Beijing in April 2014, motor vehicle exhaust emissions contributed 31.1% of the city's total emissions, which is the largest source of pollution in the region.
Yan Qing suggested to establish and improve the vehicle environmental protection mark management system in the Air Pollution Prevention and Control Law.
Indigo: The sign is issued before the new car is delivered to the factory, making it an environmental management system for all aspects of motor vehicle stereotypes, mass production, registration, periodic inspection, environmental protection, and scrapping.
The data shows that the three key areas of Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei, Yangtze River Delta and Pearl River Delta account for only 6.3% of the total land area, but the car ownership accounted for 37.03% of the national total. The use of administrative restrictions such as restrictions and purchases to restrain vehicle ownership and use is limited in the long run. In this regard, the relevant departments suggested that the use of economic leverage, tax adjustment and other means to optimize the travel structure.
In view of the fact that China's dust pollution is large and lacks effective supervision, Yan Qing proposes to classify and manage this.
Yan Qing: It is recommended to set up supervision and management requirements for the dust in accordance with the construction dust, traffic dust, bare ground dust and pile dust, and clearly supervise the management department.
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